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 Foreign Trade

In 2004 the range of foreign commerce of Republic Bashkortostan was 3840.6 million USA dollars (the figure doesnt include unorganized commerce) and increased on 26.1 per cent in comparison with the same period of the previous year, and the export range was 3525.9 million US dollars (29.4 per cent increase), the import range 314.7 million US dollars (1.9 per cent decrease).

Foreign Commerce Range of 1999-2004, million US dollars

91 countries, including 80 neighbouring countries and 11 far countries - the members of UIC, became commerce partners of the republic. The ten top countries are Great Britain, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Italy, China, Germany, Gibraltar, Netherlands, Switzerland, Finland. The range of commerce with these countries made up 68.8 per cent of foreign commerce turnover of the republic.

The range of foreign commerce with far countries made up 3066.3 million US dollars. It increased on 22.3 per cent in comparison with the same period of the previous year. At the same time the export increased on 25.9 per cent for 2871.9 million dollars, and import reduced on 13.8 per cent for 194.3 million US dollars. In comparison with the year 2003 the part of far countries in the foreign commerce of Bashkortostan decreased from 82.3 to 79.8 per cent, and in export their part reduced from 82.3 to 79.8 per cent. The part of far countries in import of Bashkortostan reduced from 70.2 to 61.7 per cent.

The republics commodity turnover with UIC countries in 2004 made up 774.4 million dollars, its on 43.9 per cent more than the last years level of the same period; and the part of export is 654.0 million US dollars (47.7 per cent increase), the part of import 120.4 million US dollars (26.1 per cent increase). In comparison with the year 2003 the part of UIC countries in the republics commodity turnover expanded from 17.7 to 20.2 per cent, including export increase from 16.3 to 18.5 per cent and import increase from 29.8 to 38.3 per cent.

Expand of the republics export is provided almost with the increase of chemical and oil products and caoutchouc to 66.9 per cent, of metals and metal goods to 63.1 per cent, of wood and paper products to 61.9 per cent, of equipment, machines, transport to 38.6 per cent, of mineral products and fuel to 21.4 per cent.

The Structure of Commodity Export in 2004, %

The commodity structure met little changes. The part of chemical products, caoutchouc increased from 12.8 to 16.4 per cent, the part of machines, equipment an d transport expanded from 7.4% to 7.9%, the part of metals and metal products from 2.7% to 3.4%. The part of commodity products such as mineral products, fuel reduced from 75.2% to 70.5%.

The structure of export in 2004 according to the countries, %

In 2004 the products of the republic were bought by 82 world countries. The main countries-partners are Great Britain, the range of export there made up 593.3 million US dollars (increase 16.7% regarding 2003), Italy 285.1 million US dollars (increase 58.3%), Ukraine 282.7 million US dollars (increase 30.8%), Kazakhstan 243.3 million US dollars (increase 56.3%), China 230.5 million US dollars (increase 3.3%), Gibraltar 209.8 million US dollars (increase in 36.6 times), Germany 180.0 million US dollars (reduction 10.5%), Netherlands 156.3 million US dollars (reduction 29.7%), Finland- 126.9 million US dollars (increase in 2.6 times), Switzerland 125.3 million US dollars (increase 87.6%).

In 2004 machine building products, the main article of republics import, increased; the import index increased on 17.9% in regarding with 2003, the import of leather and fur raw materials increased almost in 2.5 times, the import of metals and metal products increased more than in 1.5 times, the clothes and shoes import nearly in 1.5 times, import of mineral products and fuel on 1.1%. the import reduction is noticed in wood and paper products supply on 77%, of foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials on 37,9%, of chemical products and caoutchouc on 32.2%, supply of other goods decreased in general on 23.9%.

The Structure of Commodity Import in 2004, %

As a result, in commodity structure of import the part of chemical products and caoutchouc reduced from 12.3% in 2003 to 8.5% in 2004, foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials reduced from 12.9% to 8.2%. the part of machines and equipment increased from 42.2% in 2003 to 50.7% in 2004, mineral products and fuel from 23.9% to 24.6%, and also the part of metals and metal products increased from 1.6% to 2.5%.

The structure of import in 2004 according to the countries, %

Last year the products from 63 world countries were supplied to the republic. The main partners are Kazakhstan 82.2 million US dollars, (increase to 2003 1.7%), China 39.7 million US dollars (increased on 11.44%), Germany 38.4 million US dollars (increase on 3.7%) France 20.3 million US dollars (increase on 8.5%), Ukraine 17.6 million US dollars (increase in 2.3 times), Uzbekhistan 15.3 million US dollars (increase in 5 times), USA 13.9 million US dollars (reduction on 26.9%), Italy 9.4 million US dollars (reduction on 9.5%), Switzerland 9.0 million US dollars (increase in 4.8 times), Brazil 8.8 million US dollars (reduction on 31.9%).

In general the last year import range form UIC countries increased on 26.1% in comparison with 2003, but the import from far countries reduced on 13.8%.

Foreign trade of Republic Bashkortostan on countries-contractors in 2003 (thousand dollars)

Countries-contractors Export,
thousand dollars
Import,
thousand dollars
WTO,
thousand dollars
Totally 2 724 374,0 320 901,4 3 045 275,4
Including:
not distributed on the countries
639,4 0,0 639,4
Australia 35,8 0,1 35,9
Austria 1 737,9 5 440,2 7 178,1
Azerbaijan 9 043,0 295,8 9 338,9
Albania 1 274,8 0,0 1 274,8
Angola 15,1 0,0 15,1
Argentina 12,0 0,0 12,0
Armenia 494,5 253,8 748,3
Afghanistan 960,4 0,0 960,4
Barbados 1 038,1 0,0 1 038,1
Belarus 23 148,1 0,0 23 148,1
Belgium 3 773,7 13 920,5 17 694,2
Bulgaria 952,3 198,3 1 150,6
Brazil 36 953,2 12 895,9 49 849,2
Great Britain 508 261,9 11 928,2 520 190,0
Hungary 3 465,9 381,0 3 846,9
Vietnam 565,8 28,2 594,1
Ghana 96,5 0,0 96,5
Guatemala 0,0 5 717,5 5 717,5
Germany 201 039,1 37 018,5 238 057,6
Gibraltar 5 727,3 0,0 5 727,3
Honduras 0,0 2 142,7 2 142,7
Greece 32 427,7 29,0 32 456,6
Georgia 2 001,5 78,1 2 079,6
Denmark 3 352,4 132,6 3 485,1
Egypt 5 825,4 67,3 5 892,6
Israel 103 275,1 1 010,2 104 285,3
India 52 411,5 4 654,7 57 066,2
Indonesia 56,8 0,0 56,8
Iraq 170,4 0,0 170,4
Iran 20 286,9 0,7 20 287,6
Ireland 55 609,0 42,1 55 651,1
Iceland 210,8 0,0 210,8
Spain 34 169,9 1 506,0 35 676,0
Italy 180 113,5 10 331,7 190 445,2
Yemen 27,1 0,0 27,1
Kazakhstan 155 656,3 80 805,6 236 461,9
Canada 59 744,1 898,8 60 642,8
Kenya 1 085,0 0,0 1 085,0
Cyprus 68 920,1 1 267,4 70 187,6
Kyrgystan 6 931,3 1 696,7 8 628,0
China 223 207,2 35 618,6 258 825,8
Republic of Korea 9 906,0 1 610,6 11 516,6
Cuba 219,8 4 520,9 4 740,6
Latvia 17 686,2 40,6 17 726,8
Lebanon 1 090,3 0,0 1 090,3
Lithuania 9 930,3 700,7 10 631,0
Liechtenstein 6545,5 0,0 6 545,5
Luxemburg 441,9 1,3 443,2
Mauritania 491,4 0,0 491,4
Malaysia 8,5 66,2 74,6
Mali 680,2 0,0 680,2
Malta 1 456,6 0,0 1 456,6
Marocco 896,9 0,0 896,9
Mexico 0,0 50,1 50,1
Moldova 602,9 403,2 1006,1
Mongolia 89,2 0,0 89,2
Netherlands 222 531,3 1 636,4 224 167,7
Nicaragua 0,0 738,0 738,0
Norway 3 277,0 102,5 3 379,5
Norman islands 225,2 0,0 225,2
UAE 582,5 0,0 582,5
Panama 3 709,7 0,0 3 709,7
Poland 105 958,0 1 034,1 106 992,1
Portugal 642,0 3,7 645,7
Romania 124,5 1,8 126,3
Salvador 0,0 3 753,6 3 753,6
Saudi Arabia 1 303,1 0,0 1 303,1
Singapore 0,0 75,7 75,7
Syria 936,6 4,1 940,6
Slovakia 2 301,7 1 830,8 4 132,5
Slovenia 11,9 3,3 15,2
USA 34 469,2 18 952,8 53 422,1
Siangan (Hong Kong) 0,7 0,0 0,7
Tadjikistan 2 954,0 1 336,3 3 930,3
Thailand 51,2 0,0 51,2
Taiwan 4 296,6 53,6 4 350,2
Tunis 3 553,0 0,0 3 553,0
Turkmenistan 4 161,5 8,3 4 169,8
Turkey 58 208,3 846,4 59 054,8
Uzbekistan 21 945,8 3 056,4 25 002,2
UkraineUkraine 216 196,5 7 537,9 223 734,5
Finland 48 716,3 10 420,5 59 136,8
France 8 489,3 18 692,2 27 181,5
Croatia 971,3 169,9 1 141,2
Czechia 43 393,6 2 792,4 46 186,0
Switzerland 66 791,6 1 865,6 68 657,2
Sweden 34,1 5 471,8 5 505,9
Sri Lanka 0,0 73,2 73,2
Estonia 7 025,5 10,8 7 036,3
Yugoslavia 881,6 0,2 881,8
SAR 0,0 234,4 234,4
Japan 6 228,3 4 441,0 10 669,3
The countries outside of the CIS
Totally 2 281 598,6 225 429,3 2 507 028,0
States - CIS
Totally 442 775,4 95 472,1 538 247,4

Foreign trade of the Republic of Bashkortostan (in real operating prices, mln.us dollars) 1999-2002

  Export Import
1999 2000 2001 2002 1999 2000 2001 2002
Totally 1637,5 2566,7 2221,8 2303,4 234,2 312,0 329,0 342,3
Foreign countries 1449,4 2295,8 1871,8 2094,8 176,9 182,0 223,9 271,9
Austria 2,5 1,1 1,2 2,3 4,2 6,1 5,2 3,9
Belgium 2,0 7,1 6,0 1,7 18,4 8,1 18,5 24,8
Great Britain 283,2 416,2 343,0 325,8 3,8 5,2 6,8 4,6
Hungary 4,3 4,3 4,7 3,3 0,2 2,3 1,3 0,6
Germany 155,2 275,4 180,8 173,1 29,4 46,5 60,9 82,5
Denmark 12,9 9,6 25,8 0,1 10,3 0,1 0,7 1,0
India 43,8 5,7 5,3 21,2 0,02 0,1 0,2 0,1
Ireland 0,7 2,6 0,04 35,7 0,7 0,3 0,05 0,03
Spain 1,2 2,7 47,4 35,7 11,5 7,4 1,0 0,4
Italy 37,6 114,5 220,0 234,0 6,6 11,9 14,4 27,8
Cyprus 5,5 17,0 33,4 49,6 - 0,004 0,002 -
China 207,6 152,1 216,9 266,4 3,9 5,7 9,8 31,6
Republic of Korea 11,8 8,3 8,2 9,5 0,2 3,3 1,0 0,7
Cuba - - 0,2 - 12,6 - 20,9 20,0
Netherlands 50,8 322,5 411,5 431,5 2,0 7,6 3,7 3,7
Panama 36,0 - - 4,3 - - - 0,1
Poland 10,1 6,9 6,6 44,8 1,4 3,5 4,0 3,2
Slovakia 14,9 3,9 3,7 3,3 0,9 0,5 0,9 0,7
USA 47,9 105,3 20,9 46,2 19,1 7,2 22,7 9,0
Turkey 14,8 26,6 37,3 43,3 3,8 2,7 1,8 1,1
Finland 85,9 80,1 67,7 46,5 5,0 6,3 5,3 2,7
France 0,3 1,1 17,0 33,3 7,4 11,7 12,1 22,1
Czechia 1,0 0,2 0,3 3,8 4,0 9,2 3,9 3,0
Switzerland 5,7 6,9 26,2 94,2 3,8 6,9 3,1 2,2
Sweden 4,5 48,4 10,0 0,8 2,3 5,4 12,2 11,5
Estonia 6,5 45,6 15,4 16,4 0,3 0,1 0,05 0,1
Japan 1,2 1,1 1,4 0,7 2,8 5,3 2,3 1,8
States-CIS members 188,1 270,9 350,0 208,6 57,3 130,0 105,2 70,4
Azerbaijan 1,3 1,9 1,0 2,9 0,7 0,8 0,8 0,5
Armenia 0,2 0,1 0,3 0,4 0,6 0,6 0,4 0,4
Belarus 8,9 28,1 12,6 30,0 0,1 0,004 0,003 -
Georgia 0,1 0,2 0,2 0,5 1,6 0,6 0,2 0,2
Kazakhstan 57,0 96,1 166,3 94,4 23,2 98,1 82,0 54,3
Kyrgystan 10,3 3,6 1,5 3,9 0,3 0,5 0,1 1,1
Moldova 1,0 0,7 0,7 0,8 1,3 1,9 1,5 0,7
Tadjikistan 3,8 2,4 1,7 4,4 0,3 1,1 2,1 1,2
Turkmenistan 2,1 8,1 6,4 6,0 0,02 0,0 - 0,0
Uzbekistan 8,9 12,5 13,8 12,4 4,3 7,4 6,3 4,1
UkraineUkraine 94,6 117,1 145,6 52,9 24,2 19,0 11,8 7,9

The Republic of Bashkortostan has foreign economic relations with 91 countries. The table above presents the data relating to the foreign countries with greatest amount of foreign trade turnover.



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